Walter Benjamin's dissertation - written in Bern from 1918-1919 and printed in 1920 in a publishing house in Bern - is his first book publication, in which many motives of his later thinking are already laid out. Benjamin himself wrote about his work: "What it should be, it has become: a reference to the true nature of Romanticism, which is quite unknown in literature." The volume brings the text of the first edition, followed by the additions that the author has in hand-copy entered, and the misprint list. Furthermore, there are the notes on Romanticism which, together with the unpublished list of "original writings" of Romanticism and the "Writings on Romanticism," illuminate Benjamin's intense preoccupation with this epoch in a comprehensive manner. In addition, Uwe Steiner documents in detail the course of the doctoral examination and the printing as well as Florens Christian Rank's examination of this work, by reproducing its marginal notes and a letter to Benjamin of October 10, 1920. Benjamin's newly discovered letters to the Bernese philosopher Paul Häberlin conclude the book.